Learn vietnamese

We use a lot of numbers in our daily life, such as asking for prices, ordering food, reading a house number, or creating a report at work. When you travel, for example in Vietphái nam, being able to lớn count Vietnamese numbers is a huge advantage. This can help you check the prices before you pay for anything when you travel or ask for directions when you get lost.

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In today’s lesson, I will help you learn everything about Vietnamese numbers và how lớn count in regular situations. Let’s get started!

Basic Vietnamese Numbers 1–10

The Vietnamese language uses the Arabic numerals as in English. This makes it easy to lớn learn numbers in Vietnamese as you just need lớn learn how to pronounce them in this language, without remembering how the numbers look like as in Tnhị.

This is how you count in Vietnamese from 1 khổng lồ 10:



Vietnamese Numbers 11–19

From 11 to 19, the number is a summary of 10 và another number from 1 to 9. For example, 11 = 10 + 1, 15 = 10 + 5.

Therefore, you can combine the pronunciation of the number ten with the pronunciation of the other number from one khổng lồ nine. Here are how to count in Vietnamese from 11 lớn 19:



How To Count Vietnamese Numbers From 20 To 999

From trăng tròn khổng lồ 999, there are some rules lớn count in Vietnamese that you need to rethành viên và practice.

Say trăng tròn, 30, 40, Etc. In Vietnamese

From the previous section of the article, we already knew how to combine the pronunciation of ten và the other number. For đôi mươi, 30 40,…,90, the way to count them is similar. However, the pronunciation of the number 10 is changed from ‘mười’ to lớn ‘mươi’. ‘Mười’ has a low falling tone while ‘mươi’ is pronounced in a mid-cấp độ tone (flat tone).

In the spoken Vietnamese language, people sometimes replace the word ‘mươi’ with ‘chục’ which also means ten. This kind of counting is more popular in informal situations.


Count 21, 31, 41, Etc. In A Correct Way

For 21, 31, 41, …, 91, you will combine the pronunciation of numbers trăng tròn, 30, 40, …, 90, with the pronunciation of number 1. However, instead of saying ‘một’ for number one with a heavy tone (thanh nặng), say ‘mốt’ with a high rising tone. Let’s kiểm tra the following examples:

How To Read Digit ‘5’ Accurately

In a number that has more than 1 digit, the digit 5 in the unit will be pronounced as ‘lăm’ instead of ‘năm’ (five). Let’s look at the following numbers:

15 — mười lăm,

25 — nhị mươi lăm (or nhì lăm)

55 — năm mươi lăm (or năm lăm)

555 — năm trăm năm mươi lăm

Breakdown A Big Number Into Smaller Numbers

By breaking down a big number into smaller numbers, we can find a way lớn read them. For example, 36 = 30 + 6, we will say thirty-six in English. In Vietnamese, you will say ‘bố mươi sáu’ without a hyphen. Below are some more examples to practice:

47 = 40 + 7, say ‘tứ mươi bảy’ for forty-seven

93 = 90 + 3, say ‘chín mươi ba’ for ninety-three

The word ‘mươi’ can be removed to make a short khung such as ‘tư bảy’ (47), ‘chín ba’ (93).

How about number 125? Well, 125 = 100 + 20 + 5, so you will need khổng lồ count 100 first, then đôi mươi, và 5 at the last. We will learn how to lớn say 100, 200, …, 900 in the next section.

How Do You Say 100, 200,…, 900 In Vietnamese?

One hundred (100) in Vietnamese is ‘một trăm’. The word ‘trăm’ literally means ‘hundred’. So, you can count two hundred, three hundred, etc. as below:

Say 101, 102, …, 109, 201, 202, …209 Using The Word ‘Lẻ’ Or ‘Linh’

When it comes to numbers with the format x0y with x, y from 1 to lớn 9, use the word ‘lẻ’ or ‘linh’ between x & y. Look at the numbers below to get the idea:

101 — một trăm lẻ một / một trăm linh một

209 — hai trăm lẻ chín / nhì trăm linc chín

905 — chín trăm lẻ năm / chín trăm linh năm

Say Big Numbers In Vietnamese (1000, 10000, A Million, Etc.)

A thousvà or a million is a big number. If you go lớn Vietphái mạnh, you will know that Vietnamese money has a lot of zeros. At the time this article is written, 500 VND is the smallest note & 1,000,000 VND is the biggest note in the market. So, it is very useful to lớn learn how to say a thous&, a million, and a billion in Vietnamese.

Decimals In Vietnamese

Decimals are called ‘số thập phân’ in Vietnamese. In Vietnamese, a comma (,) is used khổng lồ separate the whole number part & the fractional part. For example, people write 3,5 instead of 3.5 for three và a half.

The comma is called ‘phẩy’, or ‘dấu phẩy’. The point, or dot, is called ‘chấm’, or ‘dấu chấm’.

To read a decimal in Vietnamese, you need khổng lồ read the whole number part, then ‘phẩy’, then the fractional part. For example, 3,5 will be read as ‘ba phẩy năm’.

Fractions In Vietnamese

To read fractions in the Vietnamese language, you need khổng lồ read the part first, then ‘phần’, then the whole. For example, 2/3 will be read as ‘nhì phần ba’.

If you see a whole number with a fraction, such as one và two thirds (1 2/3), read the whole number 1, then read the fraction 2/3 after. It should sound like ‘một nhị phần ba’.

Ordinal Vietnamese Numbers

Ordinal numbers such as first, second, third, are used khổng lồ signify an order. In Vietnamese, ordinal numbers are usually used for ranking, days of a week, or when listing things or events in order.

The ordinal numbers in Vietnamese are a bit different from the counting numbers, but they have sầu some parts in comtháng. Usually, you can add ‘thứ’ before the word for counting numbers in Vietnamese, to create an ordinal number. The following table will show you some special ordinal numbers that don’t follow the mentioned rule.

The Vietnamese phrase for phone numbers is ‘số năng lượng điện thoại’. You might see its abbreviation SĐT on a name card or a name board of restaurants and shops in Vietphái nam.

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Không chín sáu chín, một nhị cha, bốn năm sáu.

There are some service numbers that have sầu only 3 digits with the digit 0 in the middle, such as 101, 202. In this situation, you can say ‘một lẻ một’ or ‘một linh một’ (101), ‘nhị lẻ hai’ or ‘nhì linc hai’ (202).

If you want khổng lồ gọi a friover in Vietphái nam, remember khổng lồ add +84 which is the country calling code for Vietnamese numbers.

To ask someone their phone number, you can ask ‘Số điện thoại thông minh của bạn là bao nhiêu?’ (what is your phone number?) or ‘Cho tôi xin số điện thoại thông minh của người sử dụng được không?’ (can I have sầu your phone number please?).

How To Read House Numbers In Vietnamese

If you get the address of a place in Vietnam where you want lớn visit, it is a good idea to lớn learn how to read the address in Vietnamese correctly. This is definitely helpful when you want to lớn give a driver the direction or ask Vietnamese native sầu speakers how to lớn get there.

A house number is called ‘số nhà’ in Vietnamese. However, when you read an address, you need to lớn say ‘công ty số’ which means ‘house numbered’. For example, house number 18 will be called ‘bên số mười tám’.

You may see some house numbers having a slash or slashes such as 23/5. The slash is read as ‘trên’ in the Northern Vietnamese & ‘sẹc’ in the Southern Vietnamese. So, there are two ways to read house number 23/5:

Hai bố trên nămHai bố sẹc nămVietnamese Money Counting

Vietnamese currency is ‘Đồng’ or ‘Việt Nam Đồng’. In formal documents such as contracts, it is written as ‘VNĐ’ in Vietnamese. In informal documents such as a thực đơn, the currency is written as ‘đ’.

When talking about money, people count it with the counting numbers mentioned earlier, following by the word ‘đồng’. For instance, 500 đồng (5 hundred VND), 1000 đồng (1 thousvà VND), 1 triệu đồng (1 million VND).

In money, half of a hundred, a thousand, a million, a billion is called ‘rưỡi’ (Northern dialect) or ‘rưởi’ (Southern dialect). This is an informal way to lớn say in informal situations. As an example, 10500 VND can be read as ‘mười nghìn rưỡi’ (informal) or ‘mười nghìn năm trăm đồng’ (formal).

To read a long number, you read from left lớn right. This is how to say 10,850,345,000 VND:

Mười tỷ, tám trăm năm mươi triệu, bố trăm tư mươi lăm ngàn đồng.

In contracts, people also add the word ‘chẵn’ which means ‘even’ behind the word ‘đồng’.

Say Your Birth Year In Vietnamese

A birth year is called ‘năm sinh’ in this language. Although there are two calendars (Georgian calendar và Lunar calendar) used in Vietphái nam, the date of birth is defined by the Georgian calendar and written in the certificate of birth.

In a formal way, you can read a birth year by counting it, such as ‘một nghìn chín trăm tám tư’ for the year 1984.

In informal conversation, native sầu Vietnamese people usually say the last two digits of the birth year 19xx. If you were born in 1984, you will say ‘sinh năm tám tư’. ‘Sinh năm’ means ‘were born in.

For people who were born from 2000 onwards, you will count the year as a regular number.

Counting Numbers In Vietnamese

Learning how to lớn count in Vietnamese is actually not difficult to lớn vày. You can easily practice what you have sầu learned in this article when you go shopping or when you read an address.

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It is better if you could practice counting in Vietnamese every day. Learn Vietnamese words và numbers with the Ling App so you can also listen lớn how the numbers are pronounced by native speakers. The tiện ích has a lot of Vietnamese lessons to help you master the language before traveling to lớn Vietnam.

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